Modernism in Mallorca
WALKING TOURS IN PALMA
The Modernism in Mallorca is also called Art Nouveau, Jugendstil, Modern Style, Floreale or Sezessionstil came up in Europe at the end of the 19th Century.
This new architectonical style is defined by the freedom in creation which one allows the use of the fantasy on the façades, undulating shapes, vegetal motifs and animals.
This is an urban architecture and the main buildings are flats commissioned by the new bourgeoisie who have been enriched by trade and industry. Those new buildings were designed so that the whole family lived there and on the ground floor was always the family business (shops, small industries or workshops) pup
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Antoni Gaudi, the principal architect of Modernism in Spain, worked in Palma for ten years (1904-1914). His intervention can be contemplated inside the Cathedral of Mallorca.
SOME OF THE MOST IMPORTANT MODERNISM BUILDINGS IN PALMA:
Gran Hotel (1901-1903): the authors of this stunning building were Lluis Domènech I Montaner and Jaume Alenyà. The Gran Hotel was the first Modernist building in Mallorca, and it was a pioneer in the luxury hotel industry on the island. Over time, it has been a luxury hotel, a powder keg during the Spanish Civil War, a Social Security building, and nowadays a cultural centre. The façade is an exact copy of the original (destroyed during the ‘40s). The new one was made by Pere Nicolau and Jaume Martinez in 1993.
Can Casasayas and Pensión Menorquina (1908-1910 and 1909-1911): the architect was Francesc Roca i Simó and Guillem Reynés. Both façades were residences with a shop or store on the ground floor; the family lived on the first floor, and the rest of them rented. During the ‘40s the building on the right side became Pensión Menorquina. On the façades, you can contemplate the influence of Casa Batlló by Gaudi in Barcelona thanks to the undulating shapes and the parabolic arches.
Can Forteza Rey (1909): This modernism building was built by Josep and Lluis Forteza Rey. Here, you can contemplate the Art Nouveau and the Gaudi influences (Casa Batlló and Parc Güell features). It was a single-family house the ground floor was a pharmacy, the mezzanine floor was the Josep Forteza’s home; the first floor the Ignacio Forteza’s dental clinic and the rest of the levels were the residences of the family.
L’Àguila (1908): Shopping centre built by Gaspar Bennàzar and Jaume Alenyà under the influence of the Sezessionstil. It is one of the best examples of iron and crystal constructions. The façade looks like a crystal box inspired by the Karlsplatz underground station in Vienna.
Other Modernism buildings in Palma: Forn des Teatre, Forn Fondo, Casa Roca, Casa de les Mitges y Merceria Colon.
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